Advertised job vacancies are now exceeding pre-pandemic levels after businesses embarked on a major festive recruitment drive.
But concern continues to grow over how the imminent end of JobKeeper could affect unemployment and underemployment rates, with most of the recovery driven by part-time and casual jobs.
On Tuesday, ANZ reported the number of roles advertised on online jobs portals rose 9.2% over December to more than 159,000.
The number of positions is now double what was seen at the height of the pandemic in April and advertisements have hit an 18-month high with a 4.1% bump above February 2020 figures.
However, the latest uptick largely pre-dates the coronavirus outbreaks in Sydney’s Northern Beaches and Melbourne.
ANZ senior economist Catherine Birch said the latest job vacancy figures could point to unemployment falling faster than Treasury forecasts, which currently expects joblessness to peak at 7.25% by March.
But there was uncertainty over how JobKeeper’s end would affect hiring rates, she said.
ANZ’s economists noted the latest resurgence in vacancies also coincided with retail’s annual Christmas casual hiring boom.
“The end of JobKeeper in March is a key risk. We also expect to see some trade-off between unemployment and underemployment,” Birch said.
“The current spike in COVID cases is a risk as well, particularly if restrictions tighten.”
ANZ Job Ads continued its impressive recovery in Dec, rising 9.2% to an 18-month high, surpassing its pre-pandemic level. On the face of it, this suggests unemployment could fall quite quickly, but the labour market will face some challenges in 2021. #ausecon @cfbirch pic.twitter.com/tMzdhce87c
— ANZ_Research (@ANZ_Research) January 5, 2021
That concern comes as businesses and the federal opposition continue to pressure the government to offer targeted support beyond JobKeeper’s March deadline.
Earlier this week, Labor Senator Katy Gallagher urged the Coalition to urgently consider prolonging the wage subsidy scheme to industries still reeling from pandemic pressures.
Those include the beleaguered travel sector, which is expected to lose up to $3 billion in revenue due to the Northern Beaches outbreak (that figure was compiled before Melbourne’s border closure).
“Many business owners are seeing holiday bookings cancelled or empty tables in their cafes and restaurants at what is usually their busiest time of year,” Senator Gallagher said.
AMP Capital chief economist Dr Shane Oliver said although the figures broadly were positive, inner-city hospitality venues lagged behind in the jobs recovery as workers reaped the benefits of working from home.
He also said bars and nightclubs were still subject to strict social distancing requirements, as well as the higher education and travel sectors, where jobs are unlikely to return over the short term.
A second lockdown looms in NSW and unemployment rates are on track to hit 7.5% by March.
Despite this, the government has yet again slashed JobKeeper payments–
And in doing so they have further exacerbated Australia's inequality divide.https://t.co/tVImaJY22l
— McKell Institute (@McKellInstitute) January 5, 2021
But Oliver did predict hiring rates continuing to be supported by pent-up spending demand and JobKeeper payments before the recovery decelerates in the second half of 2021.
“We still seeing a lot of stimulus being pumped into the economy which is supporting spending and a lot of that is contained in the local economy. It’s not like Australians can get on a plane and head overseas,” Oliver told The New Daily.
“But we have to be cautious, because even though job vacancies may be coming back, underemployment remains very high, and that’s an element that will take a lot longer to recover.”
As The New Daily reported in December, part-time employment is above pre-pandemic levels. There were 28,000 more jobs in November compared to the same time in 2019.
Meanwhile, there were 110,000 fewer full-time jobs in the economy.
Angela Jackson, lead economist at Equity Economics, agreed sectors such as education and tourism would need to be targeted in any possible extension of JobKeeper to dampen job losses.
“I think just having the surety of a scheme like JobKeeper there that they know that if things do go south quickly, the government will help with the payroll and that’s quite important to weather that level of uncertainty,” Jackson told The New Daily.
She said the additional spending power provided by the scheme largely supported retail, while jobs in high-demand sectors including health and social care increased through the pandemic.
Figures provided to The New Daily by jobs portal SEEK showed advertised roles in medical and health care rose 13% in December, and were up 34.5% year on year in November.
That report noted some of the most in-demand roles included wait staff, labourers, physiotherapists, nurses and kitchen hands.
Meanwhile, the number of advertised hospitality and tourism roles over December rose 44%, trades and services jobs grew 36%, manufacturing, transport and logistics vacancies jumped 31% and community services and development increased by two-fifths.
Managing director of SEEK ANZ Kendra Banks said in December that businesses, particularly in hospitality and tourism, delayed their hiring plans until they had certainty over whether they would operate in a ‘COVID-normal summer’.
And much of the new hiring activity included smaller firms rehiring team members, she said.