As if Australia’s property markets didn’t have enough to contend with – considering consumer confidence is falling pre-election and foreign buyers are pulling out of our markets as banks make it harder to get finance – now the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) has delivered another blow for those dealing with properties valued at more than $2 million.
In a measure to crack down on foreign property owners avoiding foreign capital gains tax obligations, from July 1 when a foreign resident disposes of Australian real estate (and certain other assets), the purchaser (not the seller) will be required to withhold 10% of the purchase price and pay that amount to the ATO.
But before you say: “that’s okay – it doesn’t apply to me, I’m not a foreign resident”, you may be surprised …
All Australian sellers of $2 million plus properties will be classified as overseas investors, which means that all buyers of properties worth more than $2 million will have to withhold 10% of the purchase price and rather than giving it to the vendor at settlement, remit this sum to the ATO unless they get a special tax clearance.
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No you haven’t misread this. The ATO explains that:
“A vendor who sells the following assets is also a relevant foreign resident, even if they are an Australian resident for other tax purposes.”
But it gets worse.
A purchaser who does not receive a “clearance certificate” from the vendor and does not remit 10% of the purchase price off to the ATO will still be liable to pay that 10% to the ATO plus additional penalties and interest.
What’s behind these changes?
Clearly the ATO is concerned that foreign homeowners were selling Australian property and taking the proceeds overseas without paying the appropriate capital gains tax.
So now it has transferred some of the responsibility for collecting a portion of the tax to the purchasers of Australian real estate.
These changes will catch more than just foreign buyers
Of course most real estate transactions currently won’t be caught by these changes because they will be valued at less than $2 million.
The new withholding tax is expected to affect only 2.26% of homes nationally. Sydney, where an estimated 4.5% of homes on the market are worth more than $2 million will be the hardest hit, followed by Melbourne where 2.5% of homes for sale have a price tag of over $2 million.
However, it will be more than just foreign residents who may get caught out.
While foreigners won’t be able to get a “clearance certificate”, the vast majority of local residents will have no problem. Yet a small group of Australians may increase the risk of a taxation audit when they make themselves known to the ATO.
This could affect property sellers who:
- Have not filed tax returns
- Have filed tax returns that would indicate that they couldn’t really afford a property worth over $2 million
- Have outstanding debts to the ATO
Just another blow to foreign investors buying Australian property.
Just to make things clear, I have no issue with the ATO collecting taxes due to it, especially if money owed to the Australian system is being funnelled offshore.
But let’s not forget that foreign investment in Australian property saved us when the mining investment boom ended by underpinning the development many new high-rise towers in our CBDs, thereby supporting our construction industry and encouraging employment of many of the trade who had previously worked in the mines.
However, I see these changes as another disincentive to foreigners investing in Australian real estate.
It’s unlikely they’ll appreciate the purchaser of their property taking 10% off the purchase price at settlement.
And this has come at a time when foreign investment is already falling substantially due to:
- Australian banks restricting lending to foreign buyers;
- The Chinese government making it harder to take money out of the country;
- The Victorian State Government raising the levy on foreign purchases from 3% to 7%; and
- They’re being slugged by higher processing fees from the F.I.R.B
This new initiative was initially designed to correctly clamp down on foreign property owners who sell Australian homes without paying capital gains tax, but I see it as having the potential to put off more foreign buyers at a time their presence already is waning.
Michael Yardney is a director of Metropole Property Strategists, which creates wealth for its clients through independent, unbiased property advice and advocacy. He is a best-selling author, one of Australia’s leading experts in wealth creation through property and writes the Property Update blog.