While many Australians get into real estate investment to gain cashflow, in reality that’s not how property works.
You see, residential real estate is a high growth but relatively low yield investment, so if you’re hoping to pay your child’s school fees or your vacation airfares from your rental returns, you’ll be sorely disappointed.
Of course once you build up a big enough asset base of investment properties you can then lower your loan to value ratios so you’ll be able to live off the cashflow of your properties, but things must be done in the right order.
Asset growth first, then cashflow.
Having said that…cashflow is important.
Along your investment journey, it’s cash flow that will keep you in the game, until you have a big enough asset base to get out of the rat race.
This means as a property investor, it’s vitally important to understand and maximise your net cashflow position, and while most people just think of the rent coming in, here are six other factors to consider when assessing your investment cashflow.
1. Tax deductions for rental properties
As a property investor, you can claim a variety of expenses relating to your rental property as tax deductions, improving your after tax cashflow.
Your accountant should be able to outline these for you, or you can check out the list at the Australian Taxation Office website.
As a building gets older, the items within it wear out and therefore depreciate in value.
The ATO allows property investors to claim deductions (at varying rates) relating to the building as well as the plant and equipment within it in one of two ways:
- Capital works deductions are available on the structure, including items that are not easily removed, but remember this isn’t based on the purchase price of your property but on the construction cost of the building; and
- Depreciation of plant and equipment, that are deemed to have an effective life set by the ATO.
To claim depreciation against your property income, it’s advisable to obtain a tax depreciation schedule from a licensed quantity surveyor.
But the good news is that even the cost of obtaining this report is tax deductible.
3. Interest rates on borrowings
One of your biggest cash flow expenses as a property investor will be the interest you pay on your mortgage.
While rates are currently at historic lows, it’s pretty clear that sometime in the future interest rates will rise.
Strategic investors will prepare for this by locking in some or all of their loans to fixed interest rates, while others will set aside a financial buffer in an offset account, or similar, to handle unexpected expenses or the extra cost of rising rates.
4. Acquisition or purchase costs
When budgeting for your property purchase you will need to allow for all the settlement costs of purchasing your property — not just the price of your property.
These should include things like stamp duty, legal costs, loan costs, valuation fees, repairs or improvements, insurance and the initial vacancy period and agent’s letting fees.
If you’ve underestimated your needs these extra borrowings will affect your planned cashflow and could require further input from your personal finances.
Investors must understand that their property will not be occupied 100% of the time.
Currently vacancy rates are falling and rentals are rising, but when estimating your cashflow it’s important to assume that your property will be vacant for a week or two each year.
And when your property does become vacant, apart from the period when you don’t receive rent, you will also have to pay your property manager for reletting the property.
6. Property manager
Another slight dent in your cashflow will be expense of professional property management. I believe this is a small price to pay for the peace of mind of protecting your asset.
While the fees will vary from manager to manager, don’t choose your property manager based on the cheapest rate, because in general, you get what you pay for.
Instead, do some research, check testimonials and don’t skimp on quality service in exchange for saving a few dollars.
The skinny on cashflow
As you can see there are a number of areas that can improve or reduce your cashflow from one year to the next.
The key is to calculate for each of them so you’re not left in an unsavoury cashflow position that could have long-term effects on your wealth creation journey.