Why investing in property doesn’t add up

“The average investor buying residential property today is going to lose money over the next few years. And that’s not because of any Doomsday Brigade price crash. It’s enough for prices to go flat for investors to lose money.”

Now, these are NOT my words, but those of respected journalist Michael Pascoe, in Fairfax’s Business Day.

In his article “Why investing in property doesn’t add up“, Pascoe casts a negative outlook on the property market over the next few years, claiming investors should expect to lose money in that time.

Interestingly I was asked by Kevin Turner of Macquarie Radio to respond to this article for his show and I think my response surprised him.

I agreed. I said: “Michael Pascoe is right – most new property investors will fail over the next couple of years.”

Now there’s nothing new here.

Statistics show 20% of property investors sell up in the first year and up to 50% sell their properties within the first five years of ownership.

As I said, most of the investors fail. And of those who stay in the market, 93% never get past owning two properties.

Of course at this stage of the property cycle, when mistakes won’t be covered up by strong capital growth, it’s likely that an even larger percentage of those who get into property investment will be disappointed.

Now let me be clear. I’m not suggesting that you shouldn’t get involved in property investment. What I’m saying is to be successful at it you’ll have to do things differently to the average investor.

According to Pascoe: “The average property bought today and sold in three years wouldn’t quite break even on a nominal basis and would be down maybe 6 per cent in real terms” after transaction costs.”

Once again Pascoe is correct.

However, property should never be viewed as a short term investment. One of the big dangers in property investment is to expect a quick profit.

On the other hand, real estate has been an important wealth-creation tool for average Australians over the long term.

In fact, it would be wrong to get into real estate investing today thinking that the value of your property will double in value in the next 10 years. Some properties will – but many won’t!

Of course the problem with making broad brash statements, which Pascoe clearly admits he has, is they don’t take into account the fact that there are there are many different property markets around Australia: some defined geographically, others at different price points and yet others by types of property.

And they’re all at different stages of their own property cycle, with some still offering good opportunities.

Beware of the property cycle

We are now in the more mature stage of the property cycle in most parts of Australia and average price growth will be much lower over the next few years than it has been over the last few years.

And there will be some locations where property prices go backwards.

But as always there will be properties that outperform the averages and those that underperform. That’s how averages work.

The trick is to find those properties that will outperform the averages over the next couple of years.

Which properties will outperform?

The main driver for growth has always been affordability.

Now I’m not talking about cheap properties. I’m talking about properties in locations where people can afford to pay more because they have higher disposable incomes.

In Australia with our culture of home ownership, we’re usually prepared to pay as much as we can for our homes, and this amount is generally determined by the banks lending criteria.

Over the last eight years falling interest rates have increased affordability of properties for many people. This was clearly one of the significant factors behind Sydney and Melbourne’s strong house price growth.

But now interest rates are unlikely to fall much further. And the Australia Prudential Regulation Authority is unlikely to make borrowing any easier for a while.

So the ability to borrow more in the future will be dependent upon wages growth. And, in general, property prices will only grow in line with wages growth (and therefore affordability) in the next few years.

Here’s the key

Looking at the last five-year census period, while wages grew by an average of 20% around Australia, in some municipalities wages growth was double that.

If you think about it, people living in these locations were likely to have significantly higher disposable income and the ability to spend more on their homes. In fact, they did.

That’s why many gentrifying inner and middle ring suburbs outperformed the general property market.

And most of these were in Melbourne and Sydney where the bulk of new jobs were created.

As our economy continues to transition from the mining boom to a service led economy, it’s likely that our two economic powerhouse states of Victoria and New South Wales will create the majority of jobs, once again leading to out performance of the Melbourne and Sydney property markets.

To be a successful investor, and not a casualty of the next stage of the property cycle, it will be important to identify the suburbs where wages growth will outperform, thus allowing capital growth to continue.

These will again tend to be many of the inner and middle ring suburbs of our three big capital cities.

But, as they say, there’s more

Pascoe suggests the flatter property markets and negative sentiment in the media may serve up the occasional property bargain.

Again he’s right, but I wouldn’t really be waiting for these. What you’re doing here is looking for a quick “one off” profit.

I’d rather be looking for secure long-term gains by choosing the right property (one with strong owner-occupier appeal), in the right location (one with multiple economic and population growth drivers), and a property to which you can add value.

That’s the approach strategic investors will take to make money at this stage of the cycle.

Rather than waiting for the market to do the heavy lifting, they’ll buy the right property and “manufacture” capital growth through renovations or redevelopment, increasing their property’s value, obtaining higher rents and gaining depreciation benefits.

While Pascoe and others may try to time their entry attempting to forecast the property cycle, I’ve found successful investors find that timing isn’t really that important.

Have you noticed how some investors seem to do well in good times and do even better in bad times? Market timing isn’t really important to them.

On the other hand, others do poorly in good times and even worse in bad times? Market timing seems to have very little effect on them either.

Interesting, isn’t it?

In the past those who have prospered during these flat period of the property cycle had specific knowledge about how to take advantage of the economic conditions and then took effective action.

The same will happen again this time round

Some Australians will be sitting it out, saying things like “I don’t need to take action now”, while a small group of people will take action.

That’s why the rich are getting richer. Nobody has ever got rich by doing nothing.

Currently some property investors are becoming wealthier because they are taking advantage of the current markets and buying the right type of asset.

At the same time others are just sitting it out hoping that its all going to work out.

Which side are you on?

Michael Yardney is a director of Metropole Property Strategists, which creates wealth for its clients through independent, unbiased property advice and advocacy. He is a best-selling author, one of Australia’s leading experts in wealth creation through property and writes the Property Update blog.

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david grieve
david grieve
4 years ago

This is a well balanced article that would never get published / broadcast by the mass media. As a property investor I like Michael have a long term strategy. The impression given in the media is that there are greedy investors flipping properties after 1-2 years making massive gains without risk and paying no capital gains tax pricing first home buyers out of the market. What a load of ‘cobblers’ – the cost of purchasing and then selling a property are huge. Where is the evidence that property flipping is occurring? Think stamp duty and agents fees for starters, then if you have investment properties worth over $XX then there is land tax. The Victorian Govt gets > 30% of their revenue from stamp duty! Economics 1.01 teaches the theory of supply and demand – this is one of the most important factors in prices increasing, especially in the ‘more in demand’ suburbs. This fact is of course rarely mentioned by the media. The impending oversupply of units in Melbourne CBD (and some other capital cities) will demonstrate how supply and demand works. Just wait 2-3 years and see the capital losses on any sales. Whilst house prices are high in Sydney and Melbourne they are very affordable in most other capital cities, especially with interest rates of around 4.5%. I paid 18% in the 1990s! Also the media being Sydney/Melbourne centric never mention the ‘forgotten’ cities (note I live in Melbourne)………