Women are likely to become wealthier over the next five years from owning more Australian property — but don’t expect this to help close the gender pay gap.
The number of women buying property to live in and for investment is now outpacing men. That trend is expected to continue in the years ahead, according to data from Westpac and the Australian Tax Office.
At the same time, we have record female employment growth and a national pay gap, which excludes income from investments such as property, at a 20-year low of 14.6%, down from about 15.2% in November last year.
Theoretically women today have more money to invest in property, and with that comes the added potential benefit of earning income from it.
But this isn’t enough to close the wider gender pay gap because not enough women will benefit, especially when property prices remain high even as they correct.
As of May, the average Australian was earning $1586 a week, but the average woman earned $1433.60 a week.
This is about $244.80 a week less than the $1678.40 average weekly earnings for men.
Felicity Duffy, head of women’s markets at Westpac, says one reason that many women invest in property is to generate additional income in light of the wage disparity between men and women.
“We know that women face unique challenges to men in looking at their long- and short-term financial security. Income inequality continues and so women may be looking to other sources of income, which an investment property can fulfil.
“There’s also the impact of parenthood many women — and more men — are starting to consider, meaning they may need to spend part of their working life working part-time, which could hinder their ability to earn an income,” she said.
The challenge at the moment is that the level of rental income from property has been falling over the past five years, although returns are still better in general than money sitting in a bank account.
At the beginning of May 2012, capital city gross rental yields were averaging 4.3% but they are now sitting at 3.96%, according to research group Core Logic.
Rental yield is a measure of how much cash an income generating asset produces each year as a percentage of that asset’s value.
Over the past six years, yields have slipped to a record low. Rental yields are compressing due to the fact that rental growth is generally weaker than the pace of capital gain.
Despite the drop off in rental incomes, property remains an attractive investment for many women.
Westpac customer data shows there has been a 16.5% increase in female Westpac customers taking out home loans between 2012 and 2017.
This has been driven by those in the 30–40-years-old age group. Women in this age group usually have had time to save for a deposit and are prepared financially for home ownership.
Other influencing factors are likely to be record employment growth and increased average wages among women and the appeal of bricks and mortar real estate to women over other assets such as shares.
However, while there’s no question that buying property can be a great investment, it won’t necessarily improve anyone’s fortune in the near future.
If you are a woman looking to invest in property, here are some factors to consider.
- There are additional expenses, such as furniture, repairs and landlord costs, if you plan on renting the property out.
- You will benefit from making a list and researching what the potential expected costs are, even if you don’t intend to purchase now.
- Life milestones, such as starting a new career or family, may affect your ability to repay a home loan.
“My main piece of advice to all women on their home ownership journey is to be empowered to take control of their money and financial future. It is important that people understand their money, spending trends and habits and the factors that may affect them over time,” Duffy said.
“Once you understand your finances, you will be more confident and in a better position to navigate the property market and make decisions that are right for your situation.”