In the workplace women are paid 17.5% less than men on average, but a recent study by Babson College in the United States has found female entrepreneurs also pay themselves less than male entrepreneurs pay themselves.
The study found female entrepreneurs who graduated from the Goldman Sachs’ program had entered it with average salaries that were 80% those of their male counterparts.
Patricia Greene, the author of the study and a Babson professor, told the New York Times she could not explain the disparity but planned to investigate it.
“I’m not sure if it’s benchmarking against salaried women, I’m not sure if it’s a lack of confidence, I’m not sure if it’s negotiating themselves down first,” she said.
The Goldman program began in 2010 and has graduated more than 1500 entrepreneurs with just about half women.
When graduates were asked six months after graduating, they had narrowed the salary gap, to 8% from 20%.
Both male and female graduates gave themselves raises, but the women, gave themselves bigger raises.
The study identified two potential reasons for this change.
“First, the participants in the program learn through the curriculum the importance of paying themselves, and reporting in their financial statements, a liveable salary to demonstrate fiscal health to potential funders,” the report states.
“Second, through the peer connections made in the program, participants have the opportunity to learn about the ‘going rate’ for their own salaries and develop the confidence to value their own time.”
In Australia, research by the Australian Women Chamber of Commerce & Industry shows that 51% of self-employed women do not pay themselves a wage.
Yolanda Vega, executive director at AWCCI, told SmartCompany of those respondents that pay themselves a wage, 51% do not pay themselves a market wage and 37% said they did pay themselves a wage at market rate.
“The reason why many women are unable to pay themselves a wage is because they don’t have access to contracts, they don’t have access to funds to start and grow their business and few want to invest in service-based industries, which is the sector where the majority of female business owners work,” Vega says.
“It is time for corporations and government to start including women in their supply chain so that women can remain in business and employ other women.”
Springboard Australia’s chair, Wendy Simpson, says the feedback she gets from investors is that the gender gap is often more than just pay rate, it includes company cars.
“A lot of male entrepreneurs put that on the balance sheet of their company and it is often quite an expensive car,” she says.
“We do see a difference and we see the women use the investor’s money for things they believe are far more core to the business and sometimes they understate their own financial needs.”
This article first appeared on SmartCompany.